What Is: Stem Cell Research
Stem cell research has been the subject of controversy since some years. All across the internet and other forms of mass media publications, one will find researchers taking up sides - for and against promoting stem cell research. Most probably, you too must be wondering about the same - what exactly is stem cell research? How does it affect the future of humankind? Is it legal to conduct the same in this country? There are plenty of queries concerning stem cell research; yet, it seems that there are no clear-cut answers to these questions.
The human body is composed or made up of various kinds of cells. These cells are preprogrammed to act in a specific manner. For instance, the functioning of the stomach cells and the cells lining the liver happens to be different. The data stored within the genetic architecture of the body will preprogram these cells. Here is an interesting observation - what if we have the ability to control these cells? I mean, what if, with the aid of intricate biological techniques, we can alter the programming of cells in order to examine their functioning. The same is occurring in this niche too.
Stem cell research is nothing but the cultivation of stem cells with the intention of examining them and studying them for the benefit of humankind. Consider an embryo or a developing fetus present within a mother's womb. During the initial stages, there are only groups of cells within the embryo. These cells have no specific functionality and can aggregate themselves to develop into the brain or the liver or the heart. In other words, these cells present in the fetus are nothing but a blueprint for the cells that will occur in the coming weeks. These cells are otherwise termed as stem cells.
Now that you have realized what stem cells are, allow me to cite the reasons why researchers are spending countless hours with these cells. In the initial sections of this article, I had mentioned that biologists utilize body cells to research on cells to develop newer treatment methods for existing medical conditions. It is easy to obtain cell samples of your hands, feet or maybe even the stomach. However, what would these specialists do, if they wanted to study the brain? Surely, they cannot cut open someone and take a portion of their brain. The process would simply leave them dead.
Researchers utilize stem cell research to study the effect of various biological techniques on inaccessible cells. The procedure is as follows - the professional would take some stem cells, inject it with genetic information that will enable it to act like the cells taken from the brain. Now, the same exert can spend hours experimenting with various techniques and remedial measures on these stem cells. How does that sound? It might appear easy as well as exciting; however, it is a tedious process, which has highly beneficial vantages. Many organizations and pharmaceutical companies conduct extensive studies on these cells to develop newer treatment strategies.